Tuberculosis (TB)

What is tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an airborne infection caused by the organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis that mainly affects the lungs.

Forms of TB

Tb manifests in various forms. The most common form is the pulmonary tuberculosis (TB in lungs). Other forms of TB usually referred to as extrapulmonary TB ( TB in places other than the lungs] includes, but is not limited to:

  • Tuberculous Spondylitis (TB of the spine);
  • Tuberculous Meningitis;
  • Abdominal Tuberculosis (including Tuberculous Peritonitis, Enteritis and Mesenteric adenitis);
  • Tuberculosis of the Joints;
  • TB of the Gonads (Testes and Ovaries);
  • TB of the kidneys;
  • TB of the breasts;
  • Skeletal TB (TB of the bone and joint);
  • Lymph node TB;

Types of Tuberculosis

  • Latent TB
  • Active TB Disease
  • Military or Disseminated TB (widespread form of the disease).

Which bacteria causes tuberculosis

The bacteria that causes tuberculosis is the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb)

Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Signs and symptoms of TB include

  • Cough that lasts three or more weeks
  • Coughing up blood
  • Chest pain while breathing or coughing
  • Fatigue
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Chills
  • Night Sweats
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
Tuberculosis symptoms
Tuberculosis symptoms: Credit : Gaide Zoui/Shutterstock

Treatment of tuberculosis

tuberculosis treatment
tuberculosis treatment Credit : Timonina/Shutterstock

Treatment of tuberculosis involves a combination of the following:

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